AskDefine | Define treasure

Dictionary Definition

treasure

Noun

1 accumulated wealth in the form of money or jewels etc.; "the pirates hid their treasure on a small island in the West Indies" [syn: hoarded wealth]
2 art highly prized for its beauty or perfection [syn: gem]
3 any possession that is highly valued by its owner; "the children returned from the seashore with their shells and other treasures"
4 a collection of precious things; "the trunk held all her meager treasures"

Verb

1 hold dear; "I prize these old photographs" [syn: prize, value, appreciate]
2 be fond of; be attached to [syn: care for, cherish, hold dear]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From tresor, from thesaurus, from θησαυρός.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. : A collection of valuable things.
    buried treasure.
  2. : Any single thing one values greatly.
  3. : A term of endearment.

Translations

collection of valuable things
any single thing one values greatly
term of endearment

Verb

  1. To consider something or someone to be precious.
    Oh, this ring is beautiful! I’ll treasure it forever.

Translations

consider something or someone to be precious

Extensive Definition

Treasure (from Greek θησαυρος; thesaurus, meaning "a treasure of words", is a cognate) is a concentration of riches, often one which is considered lost or forgotten until being rediscovered. Some jurisdictions legally define what constitutes treasure (such as in the English Treasure Act 1996).
The phrase "blood and treasure" or "lives and treasure" has been used to refer to the human and monetary costs associated with various (usually state-initiated) endeavours such as space exploration or war.

Treasure hunting

Searching for hidden treasure is a common theme in legend and fiction, but real-life treasure hunters exist, and seek lost wealth for a living. Spanish treasure lost from the Spanish treasure fleet consisted of gold, silver, jewels (especially emeralds) and also cocoa, vanilla and brazilwood.
Archaeologists are sometimes described as treasure hunters, especially those from the 19th Century, although they themselves rarely wish to be associated with the term. Treasure hunters are often accused by archaeologists of pillaging ancient sites in their quests, destroying valuable information in the process.
Legally permitted shipwreck salvage under the direction of qualified archaeologists and the subsequent sale of artifacts and treasure by the salvors has been defended as ethical by pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence. Spence argues that properly supervised treasure hunting can be a way to fund archaeology and save shipwrecks before they are destroyed by looters and/or lost or destroyed through manmade or natural forces. Spence casts the argument in terms of capitalism versus socialism in underwater archaeology.
Illegal sales of antiquities to foreign buyers are also attributed to illicit treasure hunting.

References

Famous "hidden treasures"

External links

treasure in Bulgarian: Съкровище
treasure in Catalan: Tresor
treasure in German: Schatz
treasure in French: Trésor
treasure in Scottish Gaelic: Ionmhas
treasure in Bishnupriya: টেসৌরো
treasure in Italian: Tesoro
treasure in Lithuanian: Lobis
treasure in Japanese: 宝
treasure in Portuguese: Tesouro
treasure in Romanian: Tesouro
treasure in Russian: Клад
treasure in Finnish: Aarre

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Festschrift, Swiss bank account, abundance, accumulate, accumulation, admire, adore, affluence, amass, amassment, ana, anthology, appreciate, apprize, aquarium, ascribe importance to, assets, backlog, balance, bank account, bear, bear in mind, boast, body, bosom, bottom dollar, bottomless purse, brood over, budget, bulging purse, cache, cash, cash reserves, catch, checking account, cherish, chrestomathy, cling to, clip, collect, collectanea, collection, command of money, commissariat, commissary, compilation, conserve, cornucopia, corpus, cumulate, cumulation, darling, data, dearly love, delight, diamond, dump, dwell on, dwell upon, easy circumstances, embarras de richesses, embosom, embrace, entertain, esteem, exchequer, fan the embers, finances, find, florilegium, fondle, fortune, foster, fund, funds, garner, garner up, gather into barns, gem, godsend, gold, good thing, guard, handsome fortune, harbor, have, have and hold, have in mind, heap, heap up, hide, high income, high tax bracket, hoard, hoard up, hold, hold dear, hold in mind, hold on to, holdings, hug, ideal, idolize, independence, inventory, jewel, joy, keep, keep in memory, keep in mind, keep in view, kitty, larder, lay up, library, life savings, love to distraction, lucre, luxuriousness, make much of, mammon, mass, material, material wealth, materials, materiel, means, menagerie, money, money to burn, moneybags, moneys, munitions, museum, nest egg, nurse, nurture, opulence, opulency, pearl, pecuniary resources, pelf, pile, pile up, plenitude, plenty, plum, pocket, pool, possessions, preserve, pride, pride and joy, prize, property, prosperity, prosperousness, provisionment, provisions, purse, put up, rate highly, rations, raw data, regard, repertoire, repertory, reserves, resources, retain, revere, reverence, riches, richness, rick, save, save up, savings, savings account, secrete, set store by, six-figure income, squirrel, squirrel away, stack, stock, stock up, stock-in-trade, stockpile, store, store up, stores, substance, supplies, supply on hand, think highly of, think much of, think well of, treasure trove, treasure up, treasury, trophy, trouvaille, unregistered bank account, upper bracket, valuables, value, venerate, wealth, wealthiness, wherewithal, windfall, winner, worship, zoo
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